Acne: all the information, definition, treatments

Manifestations of acne

Acne information, acne causes and acne treatments

Redness, pimples, blemishes, blackheads, enlarged pores, excessive shine, dry areas, skin irregularities; whatever the age, the imperfections manifest themselves in many ways and are unfortunately, to varying degrees, the daily lot of many of us.

Acne mainly affects adolescents (85% of them suffer from it), but it can also affect people after adolescence, especially women; we then talk aboutadult acne.

Why are we not equal when it comes to skin problems, how do they manifest, and how can we stop this disorder? We tell you everything.

Causes of acne

Skin problems imperfections affect 80% of people aged 11 to 30. They are found in most adolescents (85%) and many people continue to suffer from them into adulthood (especially women). If your parents suffered from pimples, you have a 45% chance of suffering from them too. On the contrary, if your parents did not suffer from it, you only have an 8% chance of developing it. See articleadult acne.

Often hormonal or genetic in origin, imperfections and pimples are linked to the sebaceous glands which then produce an excessive quantity of sebum. It is this sebum which, once evacuated through the pilosebaceous canal, makes the skin shiny. We talk abouthyper-seborrhea. The cells in this channel can form a blockage by clumping there and obstructing the hair orifice, thus preventing the evacuation of excess sebum.

The fatty acids contained in sebum cause what is called a comedo (or blackhead) or a microcyst (or whitehead). The plug then becomes the target of bacteria naturally present on the skin. It's bacterial contamination. The bacteria proliferate and release substances that cause inflammation of the microcyst and result in a red bump (papule) and a white head (pustule) or large, often painful red bumps (nodule). Learn more aboutcystic acne.

acne causes

Symptoms of skin imperfections

Pimples and imperfections appear mainly on the face (99%), on the back (70%) and in the chest (15%).

Retentional lesions

They predominate in the middle of the face (forehead, nose, chin) or T-zone and can extend to the upper part of the back and thorax.

Closed comedo

Small flesh-colored pimples that are best seen when curling or when the skin is lightly stretched between two fingers.

Open comedone or blackhead

No need for explanation, you all know. Contact of the comedo with air causes it to turn black, the result of an oxidation process.


They form flesh-colored subcutaneous pimples. When pressed, a thick, whitish substance comes out.
Some conditions can look like acne and sometimes be confused with it. Let us cite the main ones:

Acne rosacea

THEacne rosacea affects adults and causes red spots and white heads identical to those of blemishes but it is accompanied by redness (rosacea, erythrosis) and sometimes hot flashes. Our care constitutes an effective treatment for this type of problem.

Acne folliculitis

They form multiple red spots and white heads which are the consequence of a superficial infection of the hair opening. There are several varieties. Some predominate around the mouth (perioral dermatitis), they can result from the side effect of the application of a cortisone cream. Contamination of a germ during shaving sometimes causes bacterial folliculitis. We're talking about beard acne.

The consequences of imperfections

Temporary marks

Papules and white heads leave red spots that often persist for several months after they disappear. Brown spots: Patients with dark or colored skin frequently develop colored spots that persist for months after the papules have disappeared.

Permanent scars

White spots: these spots have a slightly wrinkled surface; they are often found in large numbers on the back or thorax.

Depressed scars

They are sometimes wide but shallow with rounded edges or small, deep with steep edges (ice pick scars).
Raised scars (keloids)
They form hard, raised pimples preferably located on the jaws, upper back or thorax.

Possible natural solutions against imperfections

A multitude of treatments exist for imperfections, with often disappointing results and sometimes significant constraints on use.

Here we offer you an overview of existing natural solutions that address the problem of imperfections in oily to combination skin: pimples, blackheads and comedones.

The Akno Natura Regulatory Complex

Our dermo-cosmetic laboratories offer a non-pharmaceutical answer: Akno Natura.

This treatment has demonstrated indisputable proven effects on spots and imperfections.

Le Akno Natura Complex is a plant-based, organic treatment, 100% natural. It can be an alternative to medicinal treatments or be used in addition to medical treatment (consult your dermatologist).

Other natural treatments and remedies for acne and pimples

Skin cleansing

Skin cleansing is essential for the treatment of acne where acne predominates. microcysts. Cleaning can be simple, thanks to good hygiene with the Regulatory Complex in the evening, or carried out by a dermatologist, when the cysts are very pronounced. For deep cleansing, dermabrasion can be performed. See also the article High-Tech skin cleansing.

Fruit acids

Creams with fruit acids (15%) can sometimes be combined with retinoids. Their application always causes mild and short-lived tingling. THE peelings with glycolic acid (20 to 70%) sometimes effectively complement skin cleansing. Treatment with fruit acids is a complementary cosmetic solution.

Oral zinc

Zinc is a natural trace element. Its anti-inflammatory effect can be beneficial on pimples. On the other hand, it has no significant proven comedolytic or anti-bacterial or anti-seborrheic action and can therefore be used in addition to local treatment.

Natural vitamin A

Our body can naturally produce the required amount of vitamin A, for example from beta-carotene found in plant foods such as carrots and other fruits. This form of vitamin is healthy and does not cause the side effects described above of chemical derivatives of vitamin A (retinoids) since your body will itself regulate the transformation of beta-carotene into vitamin A according to the needs of your body. skin. Choose carrots, melons, apricots, yellow peach or mango (carotenes).

Discover also our tips for acne

Other natural acne products:
-The basil
-The miel

Also discover the benefits of Carapa procera oil on

This content was written under the direction of:

Author Sylvie Méliet